Tag Archives: HIV

Pills Can Prevent HIV Infection

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According to the New York Times, two new studies released on Wednesday add to the growing body of evidence that taking a daily pill containing one or two AIDS drugs can keep an uninfected person from catching the fatal human immunodeficiency virus. As it becomes ever clearer that modern antiretroviral drugs can not only treat the disease but prevent it, pressure is likely to increase on donors to find more money to supply them in places like Africa and on pharmaceutical manufacturers to either sell them cheaply or release their patents to companies that can.

Until a few years ago, condoms and abstinence were alone in that tool kit. Recent studies have added circumcision, vaginal microbicides, a daily pill for the uninfected (known as pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP) and early treatment for the infected (known as “treatment as prevention”).

One study released Wednesday, known as Partners PrEP and conducted in Kenya and Uganda by researchers from the University of Washington, showed that participants who took a daily Truvada pill — a mix of tenofovir and emtricitabine — had a 73 percent lower chance of getting infected. The study was done in 4,758 “discordant couples,” those in which one partner was infected and the other was not. Partners who took a Viread pill — which contains only tenofovir — had a 62 percent lower chance.

The second study, called TDF2 and done in Botswana by the C.D.C., found that those taking Truvada had a 63 percent lower chance of infection. The subjects were 1,200 sexually active young adults.

The studies were due to be released at an AIDS conference in Rome next week. But the University of Washington study was stopped early because it was so clear that the pills were working that it would be unethical to continue distributing placebos. The C.D.C. decided to release its results simultaneously.

Information taken directly from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/14/health/research/14aids.html published July 13, 2011. Written by Donald G. McNeil Jr.

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But my condom doesn’t fit…

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A study conducted by the University of Kentucky states that out of 436 surveyed, 195 stated that they had a condom that did not fit properly during their last sexual encounter. 

Out of those 196 men, 120 said that it lowered their own sexual pleasure, 57 stated it reduced it for their partners, 34 said they removed the condom during intercourse, and 18 said that their condom broke during sex…Uh oh

According to researchers the best way of handling this problem is to educate men that condoms come in all different shapes and sizes and there isn’t a one size fits all magic condom that fits everyone.

Condom Use on the Rise:

Condom use is becoming ever more popular and according to a recent poll is rivaling the pill for the top spot in most popular contraceptive method.  Condoms are cheap and when used correctly can be 98% effective and protect against both unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections…the pill doesn’t prevent against disease…just pregnancy.

Simon Blake, from advisory charity Brook, says “Standard latex condoms should fit most people but there are many different types of condoms available in different shapes and sizes and trying different types will be important in finding the ‘right one’.”

 

You think we have it bad?

In Africa they have even less size options…plus a huge HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Gill Gordon, from the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, says that in Africa the size and fit issue must be addressed if condoms are to be used to reduce the number of new HIV infections. According to Ms. Gordon,  since they dont have the size options available in Europe and the United States,  some men resort to tying an oversized condom on with string, or preferring to use the female condom because regular size versions were so painful.

She said: “I think that the unwillingness of African men to use condoms has been overstated, and that many more would be willing to wear one if they were more comfortable.

“If we are serious about people being able to use condoms consistently, then we need to listen to their needs.”

Problem: How do you find the right one?

It gets pretty expensive (and frustrating) buying different packages of condoms trying them out and realizing that they don’t fit. You can’t really go around swapping condoms with other men at work or at school…thats just weird. Not to mention all the crazy ribbed vs. lubricated vs. thin… Maybe condom companies can make a super sample sizing pack that can be used to figure out the exact one that fits…or maybe standardized condom sizes…like jean sizes

I posted some links below that may help find the size that is right for you.

http://www.avert.org/teens-condoms.htm

 http://www.dimensionsguide.com/condom-size-chart/

Related Articles:

 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8516654.stm

http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/STDs/18499

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